By Julian Wood, Perkins product manager for aftermarket
Diesel engines are generally more tolerant of high temperatures than gasoline engines, but summer heat still can be hard on your engine.
A little extra care goes a long way to protecting your investment.
Do make sure there is plenty of airflow to the cooling system. Check the inlets and clean as necessary. This is particularly important for static machines like gensets.
Don’t run the engine with access panels, cabinet doors or other parts of enclosures open. This can disrupt proper airflow and allow dirt, dust and other contaminants to reach the engine.
Do pay attention to temperature gauges, and react to alarms as quickly as is safely possible.
Do check your coolant regularly with a hydrometer. The glycol in your coolant is there for a reason. It helps control heat better than plain water and doesn’t boil off.
Don’t top off the coolant with plain water. Make sure to use a proper water/glycol mix every time.
Do whatever you can to control dust, which is an engine killer. Turbocharger vanes and bearings are particularly sensitive to abrasive particles in cement or rock dust. Water the jobsite if you can.
Do check your air filter every day, its effective life can be substantially shortened in dusty summertime conditions.
Don’t try to clean your air filter by ‘knocking the dust off.’ That can create bigger holes in the filter media that will let in more dirt and actually make it less effective.
The right filter
Do replace your air filter when it gets dirty. It costs a lot less than a new turbocharger or engine.
Do use OEM filters and parts. They are designed by the people who designed your engine and know what’s required. A ‘will-fit’ part is designed to a price by people who can only guess what your engine really needs.
Do pay special attention to your EGR cooler, it runs a lot hotter than the radiator and is easily starved for coolant when mounted high above the engine. Again, proper glycol content in your coolant is important.
DPF and DEF
Don’t worry about how hot your Diesel Particulate Filter may become. It’s designed to withstand the heat of regeneration.
Do store your Diesel Exhaust Fluid out of direct sunlight and at temperatures that are below 30 degreesCelsius. Diesel Exhaust Fluid is 60 per cent water which can evaporate under the wrong conditions.
Don’t use DEF that has been stored more than six to 12 months, particularly in an engine that’s only used intermittently like a standby genset.
Don’t put anything except DEF in the Diesel Exhaust Fluid tank. Lube oil, fuel, water or anything else will almost certainly damage the catalyst in your exhaust system leading to an expensive repair.
Do check and maintain the Diesel Exhaust Fluid filter. Urea crystals from degrading fluid and ordinary dirt can damage injectors if the filter doesn’t remove them.
When to drain
Do drain the fuel/water separator every day. Water in your fuel can damage injectors.
Don’t pour cold fuel into a hot fuel tank. It can cause condensation that puts water in your fuel.
Do let stored fuel set undisturbed for a while so any water or dirt can settle to the bottom of the tank where it can be removed.
Do check your fuel tank seals regularly. A damaged seal is unable to keep the dirt out.
And finally, don’t shut down your engine without letting it idle for 5 to 10 minutes to cool down. Diesel Exhaust Fluid injectors need to be cooled down to extend their life. As well, turbocharger bearings depend on engine lubricant for cooling and that flow stops when the engine is shut off.